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Fix SQL Server Database Recovery Pending State – Manual and Automated Solution

Ugra Narayan Pandey | Published: 2021-08-17T17:23:00+05:30 | 5 Minutes Reading
SQL Server Recovery Pending State

We all know the Microsoft SQL Server and its advantages. Additionally, SQL Administrator is faced with many errors and corruption problems. SQL Server Database Recovery Pending state is the most common and worst error, users cannot access their data and cannot execute any command if the database stuck in recovery pending mode.

So, in today’s write-up we will show the way to fix recovery pending state in SQL database via manually or with SQL Recovery Software. Before proceeding to the solution, talk about the different states in the SQL Server database.

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States in Microsoft SQL Database

• Online–  If one file is broken and can’t be accessed, the database remains available and online.

Restore – If a database is in RESTORING state, it means one or more files from the primary fileset have been restored or one or more secondary files have been restored offline.

Offline– When a database is in the OFFLINE status, the database for user connections cannot be accessed.

Recovery– If a database is in the “RECOVERY” status, it means it is in the recovery process and is automatically activated ONLINE for user connectivity.

Recovery Pending – This state usually occurs if the SQL Server knows that the database recovery has to be performed but is somewhat hindered before starting. It differs from the state of the suspect because it cannot be declared that the database restore has failed but has not yet started.

Suspect – If the transaction log file is damaged and there are obstacles to recovery, or if the transaction rollback is not complete, the SQL database fails.

Emergency– Emergency mode is a read-only status that is used to read data from suspect status databases.

Reasons Behind SQL Server Database Recovery Pending State

If the recovery pending state in SQL database, it means the recovery process has failed due to missing files or resource-related reasons. Some reasons for this problem are:

  • If the database is not shutting down properly or if an uncommitted transaction is active.
  • Due to corruption of the log files.
  • If corruption occurs within the primary database files, the user must be faced with this problem.
  • The database recovery process cannot start due to insufficient memory or space.

Manual Solutions to Fix SQL Server Database Recovery Pending State

There are three different methods to fix SQL database in Recovery pending state. The subsequent section will explain all three methods step by step:

Note– Before executing the manual methods to resolve SQL Server database recovery pending state error, you should have the backup of SQL database.

Method 1:  Make SQL Database in Emergency State and Start Forceful Repair

  1. Execute the below queries to fix recovery pending state in SQL database:

ALTER DATABASE [DBName] set single_user
ALTER DATABASE [DBName] set multi_user

  • The EMERGENCY mode marks the SQL database as READ_ONLY, deactivates the logging and only grants authorization to the system administrator.
  • This method can be used to solve technical problems and to restore the database to its accessible state. The database automatically exits EMERGENCY mode.

Method 2: Mark database in Emergency mode, Connect the Main Database and re-reconnect it

  1. Execute these commands to fix SQL database in Recovery pending state:

ALTER DATABASE [DBName] set multi_user
EXEC sp_detach_db ‘[DBName]’
EXEC sp_attach_single_file_db @DBName = ‘[DBName]’, @physname = N'[mdf path]’

  • These commands cause the server to remove the corrupted log and automatically create a new one.

Recover SQL Server Database Recovery Pending State via SQL Repair Tool

If the problem persists after performing the methods mentioned above to fix recovery pending state in SQL database, you can opt for the professional solution like SQL Database Repair Software. This will allow you to repair corrupted SQL database files and fix all kinds of SQL errors. This is an effective utility that helps you to recover SQL database without backup. The software supports each and every version of SQL Server including 2019, 2017, 2016, 2014, 2012, 2008, etc. It allows the user recover deleted records from the table and other database objects easily and shows them preview in red color. Also, the tool provide options to export database into live SQL Server environment, SQL Scripts and CSV format.

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Why SQL Recovery Software?

  • The tool is 100% safe & secure
  • Trusted by experts for database corruption recovery
  • Free Trial version to check working of the tool
  • Repair corrupt MDF and NDF files with all database items
  • Scan and recover tables, views, functions, triggers, etc.
  • Auto-fetch Server name while exporting to SQL Server
  • Restore data directly to the live MS SQL Server database
  • Option to export data to a new database or an existing database


Here we have explained the manual and the professional solution to fix SQL Server database recovery pending state. We discussed the main reasons for this error. If you have backup of SQL database and have in-depth technical knowledge, you should try the manual methods. For a quick solution to rectify SQL Server Database in Recovery Pending State issue, you must go with the professional tool.

Frequently Asked Questions

How long does database recovery take?

It took 1802 seconds, about 30 minutes, to recover the database. Depending on the work of SQL Server, it may take longer for the database to be in a consistent state after recovery.

Can I delete a database with in Recovery Mode in SQL Server?

1. To delete database, stop SQL Server Agent.
2. Browse to the location where your MDF and LDF files are located.
3. Delete both and restart the SQL Server services.
4. Open SSMS and expand the database folder. The database is still in a pending state.
5. Right-click on the database and delete it.